Persons who have made a distinguished contribution at the international level to the Society may be elected by Council with their formal announcement by the President during the Society’s General Meeting at the biennial meeting.
Honorary members may attend Council meetings, but will not be allowed to vote; may be part of the scientific/organizer committee of the Biannual MNS Conference and continue to contribute to the progress of the Society Benefit: Honorary members shall be exempt from the payment of the annual Membership fee.
Giacomo Rizzolatti is an international authority in the fields of cognitive and system neurosciences.
Giacomo Rizzolatti’s initial work was on vision. He studied the lateral geniculate body, the superior colliculus and the corpus callosum in the cat. Giacomo Rizzolatti is more famous for his work on monkey premotor functional properties. He discovered the peripersonal space (area F4) and he, successively studied F6 neuron properties in a naturalistic setting and discovered that F6 is a higher order motor area involved in the decision of when to start a motor action. Other
Rizzolatti's studies on area F5 showed that most F5 neurons code specific goal-directed motor acts, rather than the single movements that form them. Using the motor act as the classification criterion, he subdivided F5 neurons into several classes and he proposed that F5 contains a “vocabulary” of motor acts. The presence of a vocabulary of neurons encoding goal-directed motor acts has two important consequences. Firstly, it facilitates the selection of effectors necessary for movement execution. Secondly, it enables the association between the visual properties of 3D objects and the appropriate hand movements for interacting with them. The presence of F5 neurons responding to 3D visual stimuli was discovered by GIACOMO RIZZOLATTI in his early ethological works on premotor cortex. These neurons were named canonical neurons. Subsequently, using a formal behavioral paradigm allowing the separation of neural activity related to object observation, action preparation and action execution, he showed that about a quarter of tested F5 neurons responded to the presentation of three-dimensional objects.
The major discovery made by Giacomo Rizzolatti is, most likely, that of the mirror mechanism, i.e. a neural mechanism that transforms the sensory representation of an observed behavior into its motor counterpart.
The discovery of the mirror mechanism is considered a breakthrough in the system and cognitive neurosciences. Soon after the discovery of the mirror neurons in the monkey, Giacomo Rizzolatti showed that a mechanism transforming visual representations into motor representations is also present in humans.
Giacomo Rizzolatti has changed radically our view on the functions of the motor system. The motor system not only generates actions, but also represents an action “model” on which others’ actions are matched and, consequently, recognized (“understanding from the inside”). Furthermore, recent data showed that the mirror mechanism is also located in emotional centers (e.g. the insula, the amygdala, the cingulate gyrus) and allows an individual, when observing another individual expressing emotion, to experience it.
Giacomo Rizzolatti has coordinated and participated in several European initiatives joining groups from multiple Mediterranean countries, including Italy, France, Spain, Greece, Israel, and Malta. Giacomo’s work has inspired lines of research that are now established in all the European countries and even beyond. Giacomo has been nominated member of some of the most relevant academies in Mediterranean countries, like the Accademia dei Lincei (Italy) and the Academie des Sciences (France), as well as being awarded the Prince of Asturias award for scientific merits. He has contributed to the development of different teaching and research programs in Malta, where he is an Honorary Professor. For all these reasons, in addition to supporting MNS as a keynote speaker at different MNS meetings in
2012, and 2017, and for inspiring generations of Mediterranean scientists, MNS wants to award Giacomo Rizzolatti an Honorary Membership for the impact that his research has had - and will have - on the Mediterranean and worldwide neuroscience.
Marina Bentivoglio, M.D.
Marina Bentivoglio, M.D. is a Professor of Histology at the University of Verona, Italy. Marina graduated in Medicine from the Catholic University of Rome, Italy. She was graduated also with a residency in Neurology. Her work focused on experimental approaches to the study of the neural connectome, the neural regulation of sleep and wakefulness, the neurobiology of disease and neurodegenerative disease. She worked with many universities including, the Karolinska Institute, the University of Rotterdam and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and many others.
Marina served as Secretary General of the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO; 2007-2009). She was the President of the Italian Society of Neuroscience from 2008 to 2009 and was involved in different Committees, including the Federation of the European Neuroscience Societies (FENS). Marina was a member of the Council of the Rita Levi-Montalcini Foundation for the education of African women, and several scientific academies, including the European Academy.
She served as an expert for the French Agence Nationale de Recherche (ANR), the European Commission and many international organizations. Marina Bentivoglio was directly engaged in the training of young neuroscientists in Africa and the Mediterranean area. This was one of the commitments she deeply believed in. Indeed, since 2001 she has participated as teacher organizer or co-organizer in about 60 International Neuroscience Schools (mostly funded by IBRO) in many different countries, and in particular in the African continent and the Mediterranean area. She ran the Mediterranean KEMALI school, with 6 editions since 2009. Kemali schools gathered students and young neuroscientists from the north and south of the Mediterranean basin to learn a specific aspect of neuroscience and to reinforce networking and collaboration. Marina was involved in the “Teaching tools workshop” organized in African countries usually during SONA conferences. Marina Bentivoglio was one of the founders of the “Writing Papers Workshop” with an edition every 1 or 2 years in an African country. The last one was in Lagos, Nigeria, on 20-24 March 2019.
Driss Boussaoud is a senior scientist (Directeur de Recherche) at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS, France). He works at the Institute of Systems Neurosciences (Aix-Marseille University), and he is currently Co-Director of the Institute.
Born in a small village of the Middle Atlas of Morocco, D. Boussaoud received his B.S in Biology & Geology from University Mohammed Vth of Rabat in 1980, and moved to France where he received his PhD in Neurosciences from University Claude Bernard (Lyon) in 1983. He then was appointed an Assistant Professor position at the University of Meknes (Morocco) for 2 years, before joining the NIH (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda MD, USA) as a post-doctoral fellow (3 years) and a research assistant (2 years). He first worked with the late Dr. Leslie Ungerleider on the anatomical connections of the dorsal visual stream (Boussaoud et al., 1990; 1991), and then with Dr. Steven Wise on the neuronal mechanisms of attention versus intention in the monkey frontal cortex (Boussaoud and Wise, 1992), both at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). In 1992, D. Boussaoud got a CNRS research position at the Lab of the late Prof. Marc Jeannerod (Lyon, France), where he started to develop his research program on the emergence of function in the frontal cortex, using neurophysiology, brain imaging and neuropsychology both in health and disease. He was one of the founding members of the Institute of Cognitive Sciences (ISC).
D. Boussaoud moved to Marseille in 2004, where he created the Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neurosciences, of which he was the Director for 8 years. He also served as member of the National Advisory Board of the CNRS (2004-2009). Since 2008, he has been actively involved in the development of cooperation and exchanges among Mediterranean neuroscientists. In particular, he was the PI and coordinator of the France-Morocco Neuroscience Consortium (GDRI, 2008-2015), and the European consortium NEUROMED, funded within the FP7 (International Cooperation, 2009-2013). The latter gathered 26 partners, including Universities and Research institutions from seven Mediterranean countries. These initiatives’ aim was to build research capacities and collaborations, and thus funding was allocated mostly to exchanges PhD students and young researchers between the partners. Overall, hundreds of exchanges have been supported, leading to more than 50 publications, and a number of PhD theses. Together with other initiatives, GDRI and NEUROMED played a key role in the creation of the MNS, in 2009, with the idea of sustaining exchanges and collaborations between Mediterranean neuroscientists for education and research. D. Boussaoud was one of the founders of the MNS, and the first President from 2009 to 2012.
D. Boussaoud’s scientific interests revolved around integrative functions of the brain. Throughout his carrier, he has been seeking to understand neuronal mechanisms of perception-action, attention (Boussaoud and Wise, 1992), gaze (Boussaoud, 1995) and more recently neuronal dynamics during learning (Monfardini et al., 2013). Although his main contributions were in neurophysiology, he has also contributed to advancing knowledge of brain connectivity (Boussaoud et al., 1990; 1991; Tanné-Garieppy et al, 1995; 2002). In the last years, he became interested in the neuronal mechanisms of learning, whether through trial-and-error (e.g. Brovelli et al., 2008, 2012), or through social interactions (Aly-Mahmoud et al., 2017). Finally, he and his collaborators discovered a population of neurons in the monkey frontal cortex, which they termed “social neurons” (Demolliens et al., 2017). They suggest that these neurons might represent the mechanisms of a well-known phenomenon in social psychology, i.e. social facilitation. Finally, D. Boussaoud has trained a number of young scientists, from the graduate level to the post-doctoral level, and has been teaching integrative neurosciences in France and in different southern Mediterranean countries namely Morocco, Algeria and Egypt.
Born in Suez, Egypt, Marie’s life started with a war that caused her travel all over the world. She went to Alexandria University to be nominated as a lecturer of zoology since 1987. She got her PhD from New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY in 2001 in Developmental Biology and the effect of growth factors on limb pattern formation in chicken embryos. The implications of her research were evident on human embryos with craniosynostosis syndromes. Her American lab obtained the biggest research grant known at that time. She then undergone her post-doc in the INSERM of Bordeaux, France from 2003 to 2005 working on locomotion recuperation after complete spinal cord transection and the effect of growth factors on the nervous tissue healing. She is teaching in several universities, mainly Alexandria Egypt, NY medical college in the US and Bordeaux France. In 2013, her research interests switched to Computational Neuroscience in Toronto, Canada, where she obtained a BSc in Education from the Laurentian University, Sudbury and three qualifications in counselling from Queen’s University, Kingston. She is now mainly interested in learning, decision making and dynamic communications during cortical development. She tends to explore the importance of dynamical synapses in development and their influence on schoolchildren brain development and learning processes.
Marie was one of the founders of the Mediterranean Neuroscience Society when she organized the third Mediterranean conference in Alexandria, Egypt in 2009 and used the Bibliotheca Alexandrina as a venue. She served as the first vice-president from 2009 to 2012 then the first woman president from the southern shores of the Mediterranean from 2012 to 2015.
Marie participated in several southern-northern collaborations between Neuroscience labs through the numerous Egyptian- and European commission-funding projects she participated in conceiving, applying for or implementing. Imhotep (2005-2006), TEMPUS MEDA JEP CD (2004-2007), AUF E-learning FOAD (2008-2015), Imhotep (2009-2010), FP7 – REGPOT Neuromed (2009-2012), TEMPUS IV – Joint Projects / Structural Measures – ISIS (2010-2013), FP7 – Women in Science: Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation (2011-2014), FP7 – PEOPLE – IRSES – NEUREN (2013-2016), FP7 – EUROMED Master (2013-2015) and ERASMUS+ Strategic Partnerships for higher education – Neuronline (2015-2018). She created the first Neuroscience lab in Alexandria, Egypt and improved the basic infrastructure of the university together with creating the first B.Sc. and Master degree in Neuroscience. She implemented the first French language Neurobiology Master completely online to take Egypt to the next era of distance learning in 2008. She conceived the bilingual semi-virtual Euro-Mediterranean Master degree in collaboration with 14 universities from the Mediterranean region together with her then vice-president Marc Landry.
Meanwhile, she published more than 30 peer-reviewed articles and 3 book chapters and obtained numerous research and travel grants and scientific awards. She is a reviewer for five scientific International Journals and a chief editor of two of them.
She got her tenure position as a professor of Neuroscience in 2019.
Marc Landry is a former student of the «Ecole Normale Supérieure de Saint-Cloud». He obtained the « grégation» of Biology-Geology and got appointed teacher of Life Sciences between 1988 and 1995. Meanwhile, he completed his PhD in Neuroscience in the lab of Prof. André Calas at Paris 6 University, studying the distribution of the neuropeptide Galanin in the rat hypothalamo-posthypophyseal tract and its role in neurohormones expression. Then, he performed a post-doctoral at the Karolinska Institutet (Stockholm, Sweden) in the lab of Prof. Tomas Hökfelt where he pursued the study of neuropeptides in the hypothalamus and extended his investigations to sensory systems implicated in pain transmission.
Marc Landry got a tenured position as a lecturer in 1997 at Bordeaux 2 University. He is now Professor of Cell Biology and Neuroscience at the University of Bordeaux (France). Marc Landry performs his research at the Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases (IMN, CNRS UMR 5293). Together with Dr. Eric Boué-Grabot, they lead the team “Purinergic-mediated neuroinflammation and brain disorders”.
His main research focus is on pain. He initially aimed to study how the excitation/inhibition balance modulates the way spinal neurons, or microcircuits, integrate and respond to chronic nociceptive information. We investigated the role of neuropeptides and L-type calcium channel-specific subtypes on spinal neuron intrinsic properties and we demonstrated how partner proteins tune GPCR activation, impair GABAB inhibition, and amplify spinal nociceptive transmission in chronic pain conditions.
Recently, the interest of Marc Landry’s research group extended to pain processing in brain centers that underlie the affective component of pain and the development of comorbidities. He hypothesizes that mental disorders interfere with brain pain processing, not only affecting cortical pain perception but also regulating sensory integration in the spinal cord through the modulation of descending pathways. Our main objectives are (1) to dissect the descending circuitries between cortex and spinal cord that control the sensory-discriminative component, and the affective consequences, of chronic pain, (2) to identify key regulators of comorbid pathologies. He focused on two neurological disorders comorbid to pain, anxiety and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
He focuses on neuropeptidergic modulation of brain circuits controlling both pain and anxiety. We demonstrated that the relaxin family peptides (human relaxin 2 and relaxin 3) produce analgesic effects in rat and mouse models of inflammatory persistent pain by modulating interneurons of brain areas also involved in anxiety and cognitive functions and engaging descending control to the spinal cord.
He developed and validated a pharmacological mouse model of ADHD obtained by postnatal (P5) intraventricular injection of 6-OHDA that impairs dopaminergic systems. We demonstrated this model recapitulates major and minor symptoms of the human disease and shows good construct, face and predictive validity. He further demonstrated that the dysfunction of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)-posterior insula (PI) circuit in ADHD conditions results in pain hypersensitivity mediated by the impairment of descending pathways.
His objectives are to (1) dissect the descending pathways underpinning ADHD-induced changes of pain sensitisation and the analgesic effects of the relaxin-3/RXFP3 system, and (2) to identify neuroinflammatory mechanisms that trigger alterations of these circuits.
Marc Landry is involved in Euro-Mediterranean collaborations in research and education. He has developed a joint Euro-Mediterranean Master's degree (https://emn-online.org/) in Neuroscience and Biotechnology. This Master's program brings together 13 partner institutions from around the Mediterranean and offers teaching that is strictly common to the institutions that award the degree. It is supported by local and European funding. It has benefited from the Tempus program (ISIS project, 2010-2014). This program was followed by an ERASMUS+ strategic partnership funding (Neuronline project, 2015-2018) aiming to ensure the changeover of the program entirely online for some institutions. The EMN-Online consortium has also obtained European grants within the framework of an IRSES funding (Marie Curie action, NEUREN project, 2013-2017). The consortium has published more than 20 articles in collaboration and developed common good practice, skills and know-how to share knowledge and train young researchers, e.g. through 5 joint PhD awarded to date.
Based on these collaborative actions, Marc Landry contributed to the creation of the Mediterranean Neuroscience Society in 2009 with the aim to promote the emergence of scientific networks associating partners from the North and South of the Mediterranean on an equal basis. He was the President of the MNS between 2015-2017.
Liana Fattore is a Senior Researcher at the Institute of Neuroscience (IN) in Cagliari, National Research Council-Italy (CNR). She holds a PhD in Neuroscience from the University of Cagliari and was Visiting Research Fellow at the Department of Experimental Psychology at the University of Cambridge, UK (2000-2001). Her research activity focused since the beginning on addictive disorders, and primarily on cannabinoids and their interactions with the opioid system. More recently, she is studying sex-dependent differences in addiction, the neurobiology of novel psychoactive substances (NPS), the effect of early life experience of social enrichment/deprivation in adulthood, and the short- and long-term effects of the use of hormonal contraceptives in adolescence on brain, behavior and emotional states. Author of more than 100 peer-reviewed articles, 11 book chapters and a monograph, she has been awarded several Travel Grants (SIF 2000; ICRS 2006; BPS 2007) and awards (ECNP Poster award in 2004; ISN-ESN Young Investigator Award in 2005; 2018 Best Review Article, Drug Metabolism Review). President of the MNS from 2017 to 2019, she serves as an expert reviewer for 17 scientific International Journals and is Editor of the British Journal of Pharmacology (BJP), Specialty Chief Editor for Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience (Section: Motivation and Reward) and Associate Editor for Frontiers in Psychiatry (Section: Addictive Disorders). Member of the Evaluation Committee Panel, Research Executive Agency of the European Commission (Horizon 2020), Dr. Fattore serves as Expert Evaluator of Research Project Proposals for ”La Caixa” Banking Foundation (Spain/Portugal), the National Council of Science and Technology (Mexico) and the National Science Center (NCN, Poland).